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Antibiotic Prophylaxis

Definition A prophylaxis is a measure taken to maintain health and prevent the spread of disease. Antibiotic prophylaxis is the focus of this article and refers to the use of antibiotics to prevent infections. Encyclopedia of Surgery: A Guide for Patients and Caregivers

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Arthrography

Definition Arthrograpy is a procedure involving multiple x rays of a joint using a fluoroscope, a special piece of x-ray equipment that shows an immediate x-ray image. A contrast medium (in this case, a contrast iodine solution) injected into the joint area helps highlight structures of the joint. Encyclopedia of Surgery: A Guide for Patients and Caregivers

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Arthroscopic Surgery

Definition Arthroscopic surgery is a procedure that allows surgeons to visualize, diagnose, and treat joint problems. The name is derived from the Greek words arthron, joint, and skopein, to look at. Arthroscopy is performed using an arthroscope, a small fiber-optic instrument that enables a close look at the inside of a joint through a small incision. Encyclopedia of Surgery: A Guide for Patients and Caregivers

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Autologous Blood Donation

Definition Autologous blood donation is the process of donating one's own blood prior to an elective surgical or medical procedure to avoid or reduce the need for an allogeneic blood transfusion (from a volunteer blood donor). Encyclopedia of Surgery: A Guide for Patients and Caregivers

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Bone Grafting

Definition Bone grafting is a surgical procedure that places new bone or a replacement material into spaces between or around broken bone (fractures) or in holes in bone (defects) to aid in healing. Encyclopedia of Surgery: A Guide for Patients and Caregivers

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Bone Xrays

Definition Bone x rays are a diagnostic imaging test in which ionizing radiation passing through the bones enables an image to be produced on film. Purpose Bone x rays are ordered to detect bone disease or injury, such as in the case of broken bones, tumors, and other problems. They can determine bone density, texture, erosion, and changes in bone relationships. Bone x rays also evaluate the joints for such diseases as arthritis. Encyclopedia of Surgery: A Guide for Patients and Caregivers

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CT Scans

Definition Computed tomography (CT) scans are completed with the use of a 360-degree x-ray beam and computer production of images. These scans allow for cross-sectional views of body organs and tissues. Computed tomography is also known as computerized axial tomography or CAT scan. Encyclopedia of Surgery: A Guide for Patients and Caregivers

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Cyber PT - Your Online Physical Therapy Resource

CyberPT.com is the first end-to-end comprehensive Internet physical therapy resource connecting consumers and healthcare professionals to the physical therapy community. Users can learn more about conditions & injuries treated by PT's, view free exercise video clips, learn about sports medicine, stay up to date on the latest PT and CyberPT news, ask a PT a question for any matter dealing with physical therapy, participate in a patient message board, find PT & health related products and find a PT provider. PT's, PTA's & students can also find a PT job, find a PT CEU course, participate in a professional forum, utilize the PT classroom, utilize the PT library and find scholarship/CEU funding opportunities.

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Discharge from the Hospital

Definition Discharge from the hospital is the point at which the patient leaves the hospital and either returns home or is transferred to another facility such as one for rehabilitation or to a nursing home. Discharge involves the medical instructions that the patient will need to fully recover. Discharge planning is a service that considers the pa tient's needs after the hospital stay, and may involve several different services such as visiting nursing care, physical therapy, and home blood collection. Encyclopedia of Surgery: A Guide for Patients and Caregivers

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Do Not Resuscitate DNR Order

Definition Do not resuscitate (DNR) order is a part of advanced medical directives allowed by federal law passed in 1991, expanding the notion of patient autonomy to situations in which they may not be able to make crucial medical decisions due to incapacitation. It instructs medical personnel not to perform life-saving cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) or other procedures to restart the heart or breathing once they have ceased. By law, the DNR directive must be offered as an option to patients by health providers in, and in some states, out of a hospital setting. Once signed, the DNR directive must be placed in the in the patient's chart. Encyclopedia of Surgery: A Guide for Patients and Caregivers

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Elective Surgery

Definition An elective surgery is a planned, non-emergency surgical procedure. It may be either medically required (e.g., cataract surgery), or optional (e.g., breast augmentation or implant) surgery. Encyclopedia of Surgery: A Guide for Patients and Caregivers

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Emergency Surgery

Definition Emergency surgery is non-elective surgery performed when the patient's life or well-being is in direct jeopardy. Largely performed by surgeons specializing in emergency medicine, this surgery can be conducted for many reasons but occurs most often in urgent or critical cases in response to trauma, cardiac events, poison episodes, brain injuries, and pediatric medicine. Encyclopedia of Surgery: A Guide for Patients and Caregivers

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Fasciotomy

Definition Fasciotomy is a surgical procedure that cuts away the fascia to relieve tension or pressure. Encyclopedia of Surgery: A Guide for Patients and Caregivers

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Finding a Surgeon

Definitions Finding a surgeon refers to the process of choosing a doctor with specialized training in one or more branches of surgery to perform a specific procedure. It is almost always done in the context of elective surgery rather than emergency operations. Encyclopedia of Surgery: A Guide for Patients and Caregivers

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Ganglion Cyst Removal

Definition Ganglion cyst removal, or ganglionectomy, is the removal of a fluid-filled sac on the skin of the wrist, finger, or sole of the foot. The cyst is attached to a tendon or a joint through its fibers and contains synovial fluid, which is the clear liquid that lubricates the joints and tendons of the body. The surgical procedure is performed in a doc tor's office. It entails aspiration, or draining fluid from the cyst with a large hypodermic needle. The cyst may also be excised (removed by cutting). Encyclopedia of Surgery: A Guide for Patients and Caregivers

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